poetry

The Poetry of Walt Whitman

The Poetry of Walt Whitman

Walt Whitman (1819 – 1892) On May 31, 1819, American poet, essayist and journalist Walt Whitman was born. Whitman is among the most influential poets in the American canon, often called the father of free verse. A humanist, he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism, incorporating…
George Smith and the Epic of Gilgamesh

George Smith and the Epic of Gilgamesh

George Smith (1840-1876) from an engravingin The Illustrated London News, 1875 On March 26, 1840, English Assyriologist George Smith was born. Besides his pioneering work in Assyriology, he first discovered and translated the Epic of Gilgamesh, the oldest-known written work of literature. Moreover, its description of a flood, strikingly similar…
Friedrich Hölderlin and the German Romanticism

Friedrich Hölderlin and the German Romanticism

Friedrich Hölderlin (1770-1843) On March 20, 1770, major German lyric poet of Romanticism, Friedrich Hölderlin was born. Hölderlin was also an important thinker in the development of German Idealism, particularly his early association with and philosophical influence on his seminary roommates Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling.…
The Theatre of Bertolt Brecht

The Theatre of Bertolt Brecht

Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956) On February 10, 1898, German poet, playwright, theatre director, and Marxist Bertolt Brecht was born. A theatre practitioner of the 20th century, Brecht is best known for his contributions to dramaturgy and theatrical production. There are few areas of modern theatrical culture that have not felt the…
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