Monthly Archives: June 2014

Adolf Furtwängler and Photographic Archeology

Adolf Furtwängler and Photographic Archeology

Adolf Furtwängler (1853 – 1907) On June 30, 1853, German archaeologist and historian Adolf Furtwängler was born. He revolutionized archeological science with his use of photography for documentation. His use of photography in research supplanted the use of drawings because a camera gives objective reproduction with more accuracy, which enabled…
Sophie Germain and the Chladni Experiment

Sophie Germain and the Chladni Experiment

Sophie Germain (1776 – 1831) On June 27, 1831, French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher Marie-Sophie Germain passed away. She is best known for her work in number theory and contributions to the applied mathematics of acoustics and elasticity. Her work on Fermat’s Last Theorem provided a foundation for mathematicians exploring the subject…
Lyman Spitzer and the Space Telescope

Lyman Spitzer and the Space Telescope

Lyman Spitzer (1914–1997) photo: NASA On June 26, 1914, American theoretical physicist, astronomer and mountaineer Lyman Strong Spitzer was born. Researching in star formation and plasma physics, he is probably best known for being the first to conceive the idea of telescopes operating in outer space. Thus, he is also…
Hermann Oberth’s Dream of Space Travel

Hermann Oberth’s Dream of Space Travel

Dr. von Braun and Professor Hermann Oberth are honored by the Berlin Technical University 1963 On June 25, 1894, Austro-Hungarian-born German physicist and engineer Hermann Oberth was born. He was the first, who when thinking about the possibility of spaceships grabbed a slide-rule and presented mathematically analyzed concepts and designs. Maybe you…
Martin Perl and the Tau

Martin Perl and the Tau

Martin Lewis Perl (*1927) photo: nobelprize.org On June 24, 1927, American physicist and Nobel Laureate Martin Lewis Perl was born. He is best known for his discovery of the tau lepton, a subatomic massive particle with a negative charge. The tau, which he found in the mid-1970s, was the first…
The Discovery of Charon

The Discovery of Charon

Artist’s concept of Charon seen from the surface of Pluto On June 22, 1978, US astronomer John Christy discovered Charon, the largest moon of Pluto. Although there was a discussion after the reclassification of Pluto as a dwarf, Charon is not in the list of dwarf planets currently recognized by…
Franz Kruckenberg’s Schienenzeppelin

Franz Kruckenberg’s Schienenzeppelin

Kruckenberg’s Schienenzeppelin Image: Franz Jansen On 21 June 1931, Franz Kruckenberg’s Schienenzeppelin (rail zeppelin) set a new world railway speed record of 230.2 km/h (143.0 mph) on the Berlin–Hamburg line between Karstädt and Dergenthin, which was not surpassed by any other rail vehicle until 1954. The famous Schienenzeppelin was anticipated by the design…
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