Monthly Archives: April 2014

J. J. Thomson and the Electron

J. J. Thomson and the Electron

J. J. Thomson (1856 – 1940) On April 30, 1897, English physicist Joseph John Thomson gives the first experimental proof of the electron, which had been already theoretically predicted by Johnstone Stoney. Thomson was awarded the 1906 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of the electron and for his work…
Dennis Tito, Space Tourist

Dennis Tito, Space Tourist

Crew of Soyuz TM-32. (from left: Dennis Tito, Talgat Musabayev, and Yuri Baturin) On April 28, 2001, American engineer and multimillionaire Dennis Tito joined the Soyuz TM-32 mission to the International Space Station ISS, spending 7 days, 22 hours, 4 minutes in space and orbiting Earth 128 times. He paid…
Edward Whymper and the Matterhorn

Edward Whymper and the Matterhorn

Matterhorn Image: Juan Rubiano On April 27, 1840, English mountaineer, explorer, illustrator, and author Edward Whymper was born. He is best known for the first ascent of the Matterhorn in 1865; four members of his party were killed during the descent. Edward Whymper was born in London, England as the…
John James Audubon’s Birds of America

John James Audubon’s Birds of America

Carolina Parakeet amidst a leafy branch by John James Audubon On April 26, 1785, French-American ornithologist, naturalist, and painter John James Audubon was born. He was notable for his expansive studies to document all types of American birds and for his detailed illustrations that depicted the birds in their natural…
Laurens Hammond and the Hammond Organ

Laurens Hammond and the Hammond Organ

Hammond Organ model L-112 Image: Jake On April 24, 1934, American engineer and inventor Laurens Hammond filed US Patent 1,956,350 for an “electrical musical instrument“, his famous eponymous electric organ with the unique ‘Hammond sound’. Laurens was born in Illinois, USA, but moved to France after his father took his…
The German Reinheitsgebot

The German Reinheitsgebot

A crown cap, reading “500 Years of Reinheitsgebot in Munich On April 23, 1516, in the city of Ingolstadt in the duchy of Bavaria, Duke Wilhelm IV. and Duke Ludwig X of Bavaria publish a new law that contains regulations about the price and the ingredients of beer. These Regulations…
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